EOSC - The European Open Science Cloud    

Here, we provide an overview of the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC) from an ECRA perspective. ECRA is a network of Climate Researchers, and where there is research, there is also data. In particular in light of developments of open science and open access, we believe it to be an important task to make sure that EOSC is widely known and that networks like ECRA promote the possibilities that exist.

 

History of the EOSC

In 2015, the Commissioner for Research and Science of the European Commission announced[1] the new priorities of the Commission: “Open Innovation, Open Science, and Openness to the World.” One year later, there was already a shared understanding of the importance of data for research and other applications (including the maximisation of “the growth potential of the European digital economy”[2]) - especially if data from all sources are freely accessible, understandable and usable. Data comes from various sources, with different flavours, purposes, and underlying governances and structures. With research (publications, data, software) becoming increasingly ‘open access’, the European Commission suggested[3] the EOSC, the European Open Science Cloud as a potential solution. It aims to “offer 1.7 million European researchers and 70 million professionals in science and technology a virtual environment with free at the point of use, open and seamless services for storage, management, analysis and re-use of research data, across borders and scientific disciplines”[4].

After 2016, the European Commission considered views from European member states and the European Institutions, through various forms of stakeholder engagement. Many stakeholders were included by the Commission, who were all supportive about the endeavor to establish the EOSC. Member states commented “that the EOSC should act as a trusted platform between research data needs, traditionally funded by public money, and cloud- based scientific services in the private marketplace.”[5] The European Council and Parliament were also in support and asked for concrete action plans. Overall, it was “underlined (..) to differentiate clearly between the architecture of the EOSC (e.g. the implementing model), and its governance (e.g. how it is run)[6]. However, the first report by the EC indicated[7] that “[t]he majority of the challenges to reach a functional EOSC are social rather than technical, [t]he major technical challenge is the complexity of the data and analytics procedures across disciplines rather than the size of the data per se, [and that t]here is an alarming shortage of data experts both globally and in the European Union”, among other issues. So, a main challenge is (and was) to “bring together” the actors under one roof…

Several initiatives were started for this purpose. The programme called EOSCpilot supports the first phase in the development of the EOSC by “testing” the EOSC’s Governance and developing demonstrators such as Environmental & Earth Sciences, or High Energy Physics - pilots for the EOSC. The EOSC-hub project serves to bring together service providers and act as a single contact point for European researchers and innovators.

In 2018, the EOSC Portal was launched and can be seen as the central piece of the EOSC. It provides access to existing data, open for researchers. “The EOSC Portal is the result of the progressive integration and consolidation of e-infrastructure projects, with the help of Horizon 2020 funding. It started as a collective effort from the OpenAIRE, EOSC-hub, eInfraCentral and EOSCpilot projects building on the experience and technology of major pan-European e-infrastructures, universities and research infrastructures.”[8] The site can be accessed now for networking, computing, storage, sharing and publishing data, on environmental, physical, weather, and other domains → https://www.eosc-portal.eu/eosc-in-practice/use-cases

 

EOSC values

The EOSC Summit in June 2017[9] “marked the beginning [of the EOSC] process”[10] by publishing the EOSC Declaration[11] with the following aims and steps:

  • “the implementation of the EOSC is a process, not a project, by its nature iterative and based on constant learning and mutual alignment”[12].
  • a common culture of data, open access by-default, rewarding research data sharing, skills and education in research data management, data stewardship and data science should be provided, support of adequately trained data stewards
  • FAIR data - “Data that is Findable, accessible, interoperable and re-usable”; FAIR Data governance: inclusive stakeholder participation, based on a solid stakeholder engagement strategy, on inter-institutional arrangements, well-established frameworks and decision making flows; Implementation & transition strategy
  • technical, semantic, legal and organisational standards: global standards for open research data, as well as standards for EOSC based services for collaboration through the EOSC (e.g. to facilitate inter-disciplinarity and avoid fragmentation)
  • Research data repositories (find, re-use, deposit and share, provision of DOI numbers), Accreditation and certification, Data Management Plans, Technical Implementation, Data expert organisations, etc.
  • Research data services and architecture: “The EOSC will be developed as a data infrastructure commons serving the needs of scientists. (..) Indeed, the EOSC will federate existing resources across national data centres, European e-infrastructures (..) it will top-up mature capacity through the acquisition of resources at pan-European level by EOSC operators”[13]
  • User needs: “a one-stop-shop to find, access, and use research data and services from multiple disciplines and platforms”[14]
  • The funding of the EOSC comes from instruments of the European Union (Horizon 2020, Horizon Europe, Connecting Europe Facility (CEF), European Structural and Investment Funds (ESIF), European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI) and potentially other sources in the future.[15]

EOSC Governance

The Governance of the EOSC ensures co-design and inclusion of member states and other stakeholders. The Executive Board is responsible for implementation and coordination of efforts, and has advisory and an implementing role[16]. A Governance Board consists of member states and Commission representatives and is supervising the implementation of the EOSC. A Stakeholder Forum consists of organisations, projects and initiatives actively supporting the EOSC work. Further information and background can be found in the European Commission Staff Working Document Implementation Roadmap for the European Open Science Cloud.

The legal status of the EOSC is based on

  • a MoU between the European Commission and the EOSC Association - an ASBL (organisation) under belgian law. The Association has members (e.g. KIT in Germany) and had its first meeting in December 2020. The MoU sets the relationship for the Partnership between the European Commission, member states, and the Association.
  • a SRIA, setting research priorities, aiming at coordinating additional activities and feeding into Horizon Europe (SRIA under development).
  • The Partnership within Horizon Europe is still in development. It will be a ‘co-programmed’ Partnership model.

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EOSC Projects

Many projects have been active in building the EOSC initiative, most prominently by preparing the EOSC Portal (https://www.eosc-portal.eu/). Most projects and networks are active in the domain of HPC, data processing, analytics, AI, storage, networking. Some organisations are presented below. 

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The EOSCpilot project supports the first phase in the development of the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC). It proposes and puts to trial the governance framework, and aims to develop a number of demonstrators.

https://www.eoscpilot.eu/ 

 

EOSC-hub brings together multiple service providers to create the Hub: a single contact point for European researchers and innovators to discover, access, use and reuse a broad spectrum of resources for advanced data-driven research.”

https://www.eosc-hub.eu/

 

A EOSC Secretariat “delivers support to the EOSC Governance while working openly and inclusively with communities to co-create an all-encompassing European Open Science Cloud” and acts as central piece between the governing bodies and structure: Stakeholder Forum, Governance Board, Working Groups and Executive Board (more information)

 

The goal of eInfraCentral is to “develop an e-infrastructure commons” and tackle the issues of ”service accessibility, interoperability and fragmentation, comprehensibility and clarity + inconsistent use of key performance indicators”

http://einfracentral.eu/

 

EOSC-Pillar and EOSC-Synergy bring together Open Science efforts of several European countries and coordinate and maximise their experience, resources, and infrastructures. 

 

OpenAIRE’s mission is to provide unlimited, barrier free, open access to research outputs financed by public funding in Europe. It contributes to the EOSC by its own network in member states, and aligning and pushing open science values to them.

OpenAIRE team is working together with the rest of the EOSC Portal team in EOSC Enhance, that has a collaboration agreement with OpenAire. Currently 22 services provided by Open Aire are offered via the EOSC Portal.

https://www.openaire.eu/openaire-and-eosc 

https://www.openaire.eu/ 

 

EOSC Enhance is a 24-month project funded by the European Commission and tasked with progressing the vision for the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC). Their project goals are to enhance, accelerate, and provide the service provider interface and incorporate new services, and enable easier access to thematic cloud services. They rely on interviews and feedback from the EOSC community.

Enhance continually improves the interface of the EOSC Portal (see webinars), for example a planned search functionality (e.g. search for provider location, currently only EU but in future more countries), kind of access (Order required, open access, etc.), contact information to helpdesk,  

https://www.eosc-portal.eu/enhance

 

An example of a scientific initiative within the EOSC is the O3as project with the goal to “Visualize ozone trends from multiple climate prediction models”, co-led by Peter Braesicke. O3as offers tools to plot and access Ozone data.

Homepage and test: http://o3as.data.kit.edu/

More information: https://www.eosc-synergy.eu/thematic-services/o3as/

Explanatory video: https://youtu.be/sVwZP6Ce85A 

 

Access to the EOSC Portal (Marketplace)

The main approach to interact with services by the EOSC is to approach the services facilitated by the EOSC through its Marketplace. The Catalogue of the marketplace is categorised into the eight categories, with close to 300 resources, for example Climate Analytics Service, Data Repository, Web Portal (see example screenshot on the right side)
Targeted groups are mostly: researchers, providers, research organisations.

Eight categories:

image4.png

  • Networking
  • Compute
  • Storage
  • Sharing & discovery
  • Data management
  • Processing & analysis
  • Security & operations
  • Training & support

Science domains:

  • Medical & Health Sciences
  • Engineering & Technology
  • Natural Sciences
  • Generic
  • Humanities
  • Agricultural Sciences
  • Social Sciences
  • Support Activities
  • Other

https://marketplace.eosc-portal.eu/services

 

Further information

For further information, have a look at the following links.

Horizon Europe Work Programme (Draft) on Research Infrastructures (version November 2020)

EOSC SRIA (Draft) (version December 2020)

EOSC on European Commission website

EOSC Secretariat

EOSC Portal

 

References

Illustration 1 on Governance from https://www.eoscsecretariat.eu/eosc-governance

Illustration 2 on projects in and around the formation of the EOSC, own illustration (ECRA)

Illustration 3: Screenshot from EOSC Portal (ECRA)

[1] A new start for Europe: Opening up to an ERA of Innovation, Press Release, European Commission, 22.6.2015. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/SPEECH_15_5243

[2] Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of Regions: European Cloud Initiative - Building a competitive data and knowledge economy in Europe, 19.4.2016, page 3. Via: ec.europa.eu/newsroom/dae/document.cfm?doc_id=15266

[3] Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of Regions: European Cloud Initiative - Building a competitive data and knowledge economy in Europe, 19.4.2016. Via: ec.europa.eu/newsroom/dae/document.cfm?doc_id=15266

[4] Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of Regions: European Cloud Initiative - Building a competitive data and knowledge economy in Europe, 19.4.2016, page 6. Via: ec.europa.eu/newsroom/dae/document.cfm?doc_id=15266

[5] Commission Staff Working Document: Implementation Roadmap for the European Open Science Cloud, 14.3.2018, page 5. Via: https://ec.europa.eu/research/openscience/pdf/swd_2018_83_f1_staff_working_paper_en.pdf

[6] Commission Staff Working Document: Implementation Roadmap for the European Open Science Cloud, 14.3.2018, page 5. Via: https://ec.europa.eu/research/openscience/pdf/swd_2018_83_f1_staff_working_paper_en.pdf

[7] Realising the European Open Science Cloud, First report and recommendations of the Commission High Level Expert Group on the European Open Science Cloud, 2016. https://ec.europa.eu/research/openscience/pdf/realising_the_european_open_science_cloud_2016.pdf

[8] European Open Science Cloud, Strategy document, 29.10.2020. https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/european-open-science-cloud

[9] European Open Science Cloud Summit, 12 June 2017, Brussels, Belgium, event page: http://ec.europa.eu/research/index.cfm?eventcode=44D86060-FBA1-1BD1-9355822B162BB0EE&pg=events

[10] EOSC Declaration: New Research & Innovation Opportunities, 26.10.2017, p. 4. Via https://ec.europa.eu/research/openscience/pdf/eosc_declaration.pdf

[11] EOSC Declaration: New Research & Innovation Opportunities, 26.10.2017. Via https://ec.europa.eu/research/openscience/pdf/eosc_declaration.pdf

[12] EOSC Declaration: New Research & Innovation Opportunities, 26.10.2017, p. 1. Via https://ec.europa.eu/research/openscience/pdf/eosc_declaration.pdf

[13] EOSC Declaration: New Research & Innovation Opportunities, 26.10.2017, p. 3. Via https://ec.europa.eu/research/openscience/pdf/eosc_declaration.pdf

[14] EOSC Declaration: New Research & Innovation Opportunities, 26.10.2017, p. 4. Via https://ec.europa.eu/research/openscience/pdf/eosc_declaration.pdf

[15] Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of Regions: European Cloud Initiative - Building a competitive data and knowledge economy in Europe, 19.4.2016, page 12. Via: ec.europa.eu/newsroom/dae/document.cfm?doc_id=15266

[16] EOSC Declaration: New Research & Innovation Opportunities, 26.10.2017, p. 5. Via https://ec.europa.eu/research/openscience/pdf/eosc_declaration.pdf

[17] Commission Staff Working Document: Implementation Roadmap for the European Open Science Cloud. Via: https://ec.europa.eu/research/openscience/pdf/swd_2018_83_f1_staff_working_paper_en.pdf

[18] Commission Staff Working Document: Implementation Roadmap for the European Open Science Cloud. Via: https://ec.europa.eu/research/openscience/pdf/swd_2018_83_f1_staff_working_paper_en.pdf

[19] https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/blogposts/discussing-implementation-european-open-science-cloud-eosc-hub-week

 

ECRA supports the activities of Antarctica 2020

ECRA wants to express its support for an initiative called 'Antarctic 2020'.

"Antarctica2020 is a group of influencers from the world of sport, politics, business, media and science, that are building support for the protection of more than 7 million km2 of the Southern Ocean by 2020, through the establishment of a network of large-scale marine protected areas in the region."

As they discribe on their website: "Antarctica contains about 90% of the world’s ice and around 70% of the planet’s fresh water; both are vulnerable to warming air and waters. Antarctic sea ice is melting faster than ever (tripling in the past 5 years) as a result of global warming.

Changes in sea-ice coverage are affecting the marine ecosystem in profound ways, including the dramatic decline of Antarctic krill, a keystone species in the Antarctic food web. In addition to the impacts of climate change, increased pressure from industrial fishing are adding environmental pressures, making it harder for predators to find food.

The latest science is telling us that to regenerate Ocean life and build the resilience of its ecosystems and species to climate change we need to create marine protected areas covering at least 30% of the Ocean by 2030.

We need to act fast to realise a network of marine protected areas (MPAs) around the continent by 2020 to protect this unique, and important place."

Website of the initiative: https://antarctica2020.org/

Recent updates: https://antarctica2020.org/news/

 

International conference: Climate Change and Water;   25-27 May 2021, Tours, FR

conference website: ccw2021.sciencesconf.org

 

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The international symposium Climate change & Water 2021 under the theme of extremes events will be held from 25 to 27 May 2021 online (hosted in Tours in the Centre-Val de Loire region). This international conference is open to the academic world and socio-economic partners concerned by the variability of the water cycle and adaptation to extreme events.

 

A special ECRA Session will be held on 25 May 2021 from 14:00 to 16:30 CET, with contributions from Peter Braesicke, Elisa Palazzi, Ralf Ludwig, and Martin Drews. More information will be available at this site.

 

Climate change is disrupting the water cycle. Impacts are observed in all environments and socio-ecosystems: forests, soils, lakes, cities, and so on. The MiDi (Environments & Diversity) network and its partners propose to focus on the different forms of impacts of climate change via its effect on water. Indeed, if the general trend of global warming is observed in all regions of the world, where are the findings and responses to climate extremes such as droughts, floods, heat waves and sudden and intense rainfall?

For this second edition of Climate Change & Water (CCW2021), special attention will be paid to the vine and the forest as an object as well as to the particular hydrometeorological extreme such as droughts. This choice does not exclude papers on any other subject of study as well as on other climatic extremes.

Hervé LE TREUT, professor at Sorbonne University and Ecole Polytechnique, will open the conference with a keynote on the state of climate change.

 

Tentative Programme of 26 May 2021 from 14:00 until 16:30 (CET/Paris time)

  • European Climate Research Alliance’s day - Opening - Peter Braesicke (chair of ECRA network, KIT, Karlsruhe)
  • Activities of the ECRA working group on changes in the hydrological cycle - Elisa Palazzi
  • Climate change in mountain regions : a focus on dynamics hydrometeorological extremes in Southern Germany and the Alps - Ralf Ludwig (LMU, Germany)
  • Examples of increased risks from hydro meteorological compound events and their impacts - Martin Drews
  • Panel discussion : hydrometeorological extreme events prevision and management of impacts - moderator : Martin Drews

 

Proposals for papers and posters could be submitted before 10 September on the conference website ccw2021.sciencesconf.org. The Call for papers could be found here.

 

Planned: Hydrological Modeling Training Day

As part of the symposium, a one-day training session entitled « Introduction to Hydrological Modelling in the Context of Climate Change » is was proposed to masters and doctoral students on Monday, May 24th. It includes an introduction to the principles of hydrological modelling and its importance in the context of climate change. This, will not take place due to COVID. However, the originally planned conferences is to take place - as originally planned - in 2022.

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European Parliament Intergroup on "Climate Change, Biodiversity and Sustainable Development",

the BlueAction project, and

 ECRA - European Climate Research Alliance

would like to invite to the following online event:

Tipping points, extreme events and uncertainty: How can studying the Arctic help us predict future European climate beyond the mean?

Hosted by MEP Christel Schaldemose & MEP Urmas Paet

Date: 14 October
Time: 13:30 – 15:30 CEST
Venue: Web-Conference, GoToWebinar

EVENT PAGE on ebcd.org / AGENDA / RECORDING

 

We invite policy‐makers, MEPs and stakeholders to join us for this briefing event, where researchers leading on this topic from Horizon2020 climate research project Blue‐Action will present the current state of knowledge to decision‐makers and other policy‐stakeholders. The event will include a panel discussion with MEPs and Blue‐Action scientists, and is open to all who would like to learn more about this topic.


The Arctic is warming twice as anywhere else on the planet and rapid changes are occurring, from warming air temperatures to retreating sea ice. However, the impacts of Arctic change are not restricted to the far north, as the Arctic is connected to the rest of the world via atmosphere and global ocean circulation. Understanding the drivers of these changes, and the connections between the Arctic and the Northern Hemisphere, allows us to make predictions about the impact beyond the Arctic. Developing robust predictions is a vital step to allow businesses, communities and governments to be able to adapt to future changes.
Cutting‐edge research has suggested linkages between European weather and climate, and changes in sea ice and sea surface temperatures in the Arctic. In particular, extreme weather events such as heatwaves, cold waves or storms can be linked back to changes in the Arctic. These extreme events are predicted to increase in frequency and intensity, and can have huge impacts on ecosystems and human society.


The Blue‐Action project is an EU‐funded Horizon2020 project working to improve how we predict the impact of warming in the Arctic region on Northern Hemisphere weather and climate, by:

  • Undertaking comprehensive and sustained observations, especially in the ocean
  • Develop and improve models that can predict climate from seasons to decades in advance
  • Translate these predictions into climate services for communities and businesses

 

REGISTER here (GoToWebinar)

EVENT PAGE on ebcd.org

AGENDA

RECORDING

 

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photo credit: see original site

Newsletters & Publications

 

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12.04.2021

 ECRA Newsletter Spring 2021 released: click here to download

 https://eosc-portal.eu/sites/all/themes/theme1/logo.png

06.14.2021

 EOSC - the European Open Science Cloud: click here to read

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23.11.2020

 ECRA Newsletter Autumn 2020 released: click here to download

 

29.04.2020

 ECRA Newsletter Spring 2020 released: click here to download

 

20.11.2019

 ECRA Newsletter November 2019 released: click here to download

ECRA NL19 4

04.04.2019

 ECRA Newsletter April 2019 released: click here to download

 adgeo 46 1 2019 preview

17.01.2019

EGU Advances in Geosciences publication: The European Climate Research Alliance (ECRA): Collaboration from bottom-up https://www.adv-geosci.net/46/1/2019/

   

 06.12.2018

 ECRA Newsletter Dezember 2018 released: click here to download

 CP HIE Picture2 long

07.03.2017

ECRA Collaborative Programme Factsheets released: Arctic Climate Stability and Change, High Impact Events and Climate Change, Sea Level Change and Coastal Impacts, Changes in the Hydrological Cycle

05.12.2016

ECRA Collaborative Programme Sea Level Change and Coastal Impacts (CP SLC) Whitepaper released:

Sea level related adaptation needs in Europe

Image: Martin Schiller, AWI

19.06.2014

Arctic ECRA Strategy and Work Plan released:

Advancing European Arctic climate research for the benefit of society

Coll Pr Picture HIE

21.03.2014

ECRA Collaborative Programme High Impact Events and Climate Change (CP HIE) White Paper released:

High Impact Events and Climate Change

10.12.2013 — Updated version 25.03.2015

ECRA Briefing Document released:

The Changing Mountains of Europe: Water Resources and Ecosystems at Risk

 

24.04.2013 — Updated version 25.03.2015

ECRA Briefing Document released:

Advancing Arctic Climate Research in Europe for the Benefit of Society

 

06.06.2012

ECRA Position Paper released:

The contribution of the European Climate Research Alliance in addressing Climate Action in Horizon 2020

   

Science Briefs

The European Climate Research Alliance sent out Science Briefs that provide news from climate research and European institutions and inform about upcoming events organized or joined by ECRA. Below you can find the ECRA Science Briefs that have been published so far:

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

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